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VALERY ZAHARIN

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Vineyards

landscapes painted by the sun.

We begin our acquaintance with wine in the vineyard. A nice and well-kept vineyard is the image of any household. Our vineyard is located in the Western Foothills of the Crimea, which are characterized by semiarid summer and warm mild winter. The proximity of the Black Sea plays an important role in the formation of the vineyard microclimate: in summer the cool sea breezes soften the influence of heat, and in winter the sea breath protects the vines from the invasive northeast winds. On average, annually precipitation amount to 400-450 mm here. The average annual temperature is + 11 ° C. The sum of active temperatures is 3200-3400 degrees. Vineyard soils are represented by southern carbonate chernozem (black soil), the underlying rock is Pliocene clay. A wide range of European grape varieties form the basis of our wines: Aligote, Muscat Ottonel, Cabernet Sauvignon, Bastardo Magarach, Merlot, Pinot Noir, Saperavi. Today the “Dom Zaharinyh” winery possesses 88 hectares of fruit-bearing vineyards of European varieties. In 2016, there were laid 4 hectares of Crimean autochthonous grape varieties: Kefesia and Sary Pandas, as well as the only private collection of Crimean autochthonous grape varieties, numbering 75 varieties.

Aligoté

 

Aligoté (fr.) is the white wine grape variety. This variety was bred in France more than 300 years ago, and according to DNA analysis it is derived from the Pinot Noir and Gouais Blanc varieties. Nowadays Aligoté is successfully cultivated in Russia. Aligoté can grow well on different soils. But it shows the best results on limestone soils, often in combination with marl or clay. The variety is sensitive to gray mould,

Organoleptic properties:

  • fruit tones: grapefruit, orange, lime, green apples
  • floral tones: white flowers, acacia, chamomile
  • vegetable tones: mowing, hay
  • tones appearing after aging: vanilla, butter, almond, walnut

 

Bastardo Magarach

 

It is a wine grape variety of middle-late ripening period. "Magarach” was obtained by crossing Bastardo and Saperavi varieties at ​​VNIIViV (All-Union Scientific Research Institute of Wine-Making and Viticulture) back in 1928 by breeders N. V. Paponov and V.V. Zotov. It is high-yielding variety of middle-late ripening period. This grape variety is relatively resistant to fungoid diseases, such as mildew and oidium, but may be affected by gray mould. It is characterized by sufficient resistance to soil drought. Bastardo Magarach has the ability to develop fertile shoots from reserve buds, as well as from old wood buds.

Organoleptic properties:

  • fruit tones: black cherry, dewberry, cherry
  • vegetable and spices tones: black nightshade, black olives, black pepper
  • tones appearing after aging: coffee, chocolate, vanilla, croutons, cream

 

Cabernet Sauvignon

 

This grape variety is used for production of red wines. Cabernet - Sauvignon appeared in France as a result of crossing two grape varieties, its “father” is Cabernet Franc, and the “mother” is Sauvignon Blanc. Cabernet Sauvignon is very unpretentious, grows in different climatic conditions and does not require complex cultivation. This variety is increasingly resistant to diseases. Hermaphrodite flower. Cabernet Sauvignon is relatively cold and drought resistant. Due to the relatively late maturation, it is viable only in a moderately warm climate – it is not always possible to achieve full maturity even in its homeland in Bordeaux.

 

Organoleptic properties:

  • fruit tones:black currant, blueberry and black chokeberry
  • floral tones:violet, black pepper, asparagus and green olives
  • spices tones:ginger, green bell pepper and allspice
  • tones appearing after aging:vanilla, smoke, skin, cedar and cigar humidor

 

Merlot 

 

It is a French (wine) grape variety which is used for production of red wines. It is the second most common variety in the world. It is one of the most widespread and popular grape varieties cultivated in most wine-making regions of the world. This variety is relatively resistant to diseases, such as mildew and berry rotting, but is highly sensitive to oidium. Merlot is moderately resistant to frost and drought. During cool years merlot grows better than Cabernet Sauvignon, and during warm years it also gains more sugar. By the time of autumn frosts the vine usually matures by 90-95%. Hermaphrodite flower.

 

Organoleptic properties:

  • fruit tones: plum, cherry, heathberry and mulberry
  • vegetable and spices tones: black and green olive, mint, rosemary, mushrooms, skin and tobacco
  • tones appearing after aging: caramel, chocolate, coffee, smoke and vanilla

Muscat Ottonel

 

Muscat Ottonel is a universal grape variety. The variety was bred in France in 1852 by breeder Robert Moreau, reportedly by crossing Chasselas variety and another unknown muscat grape variety. Vine is susceptible to mildew. This creates a hotbed for affecting the berries by gray mould. The variety is also exposed to grape louse. The proper choice of soil (sandy, sandy loam and clay loam) may significantly reduce the risk of disease. The southern or south-western parts of the site are the most favorable. In winter, at low air temperatures (below -19 degrees), the risk of plant freezing is high. The taste of the berries has a unique, almost perfume, muscat flavour.

Organoleptic properties:

  • fruit tones: grapefruit, peach, orange, pineapple, mango
  • floral tones: acacia, honeysuckle
  • plant tones: anise, fennel, mint
  • tones appearing after aging: honey, honeycombs, fig, dried banana, raisin

 

Pinot Noir

 

Pinot Noir (fr.) is a wine grape variety. Derived from French, its name means “black pine cone”, since the small dense clusters of these grapes look a little like cones. The homeland of Pinot Noir is considered the French region of Burgundy. Pinot Noir is cultivated all over the world, mainly in regions with a moderately cool climate. Pinot Noir belongs to genetically unstable varieties prone to mutations. The “mutants” of the Pino family include such varieties as Pinot Gris, Pinot Blanc, Pinot Meunier. Pinot Noir is low-yielding, and moderately dry limestone soils may ensure good growth. It is moderately resistant to diseases such as mildew and oidium, and is poorly resistant to gray mould. Its winter hardiness is relatively high.

Organoleptic properties:

  • fruit tones: strawberry, cherry, black cherry
  • floral colors: violet
  • tones appearing after aging: forest litter, game, moss, soil

 

Saperavi

 

It is a Georgian wine grape variety. Derived from Georgian, its name means “paint”, “dyer”, “give colour”. This grape variety has late ripening period. It is widely cultivated in Russia. The variety is relatively resistant to cold. Its drought resistance is relatively high. Saperavi grows well and bears fruit on different types of soils. The Saperavi grape variety was successfully involved in genetic selection. Its inclusion contributed to breeding new varieties in Crimea, such as Bastardo Magarach, Magarach Ruby.

 

Organoleptic properties:

  • fruit tones: ripe cherry, dewberry and mulberry
  • floral tones: peony flowers
  • tones appearing after aging: milk chocolate, coffee and vanilla